October 2, 2020

1. Neurosurg Rev. Jul;32(3); discussion doi: /s Epub May The Canon of Medicine (Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb) by Ibn Sina (the illuminated opening of the 4th book). A rare complete copy made in Iran probably at the begin. A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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As a result, it was said to be one of the most famous medical treatises in Europe, widely used in the universities of Salerno, Montpellier, Bologna and Paris up until the 17th century.

The Canon also adopted the ancient theory of Four Temperaments and extended it to encompass “emotional aspects, tib capacity, moral attitudes, self-awareness, movements and dreams”. It is a literal translation, yet most of the terms of Arabic origin that are found in it have different meanings from those of today. He describes what he says are the ” four causes ” of illness, based on Aristotelian philosophy: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Hibb are listed one or more of 22 possible general actions, followed by specific properties listed according to a grid of 11 disease types.

Still much has to be revealed if meticulous and fip studies are made in the Qanun of. What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and measures for all of these are discussed.

His Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb Canon of Medicineis an immense encyclopedia of medical knowledge that embraces anatomy, physiology, pathology and pharmacopoeia.

Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine

Canon of Medicine PDF 2nd ed. If it is effective on both, we cannot judge which condition benefited directly from the drug.


If some of the drugs are inadequate with regard to gil when compared to the coldness of an illness, they will not be able to effect a cure. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

The Canon of Medicine – Wikipedia

In the fourth period, both vigor and intelligence decline. The Canon says, for example, that females are colder and more moist. He has given clear description of Ankylostomiasis, Dracunculus medinensis, Mediastinitis, Phthisis, Measles, Smallpox etc.

Serous humour resembles blood and is necessary for body tissues for two reasons: Inflammations become febrile Loss of vigour. If its initial effect is contrary to what comes later, or if there is no initial effect at first and the effect shows up later, this leads to uncertainty and confusion.

The general notion that youth are “hot” in temperament is due to youth’s supposed relationship to members of the body that are hot. Another — as physicians refer to it — is sensual spirit residing in the brain. Some are “compound members” such as the heart, the liver, and the brain. Finally, potential substitutes for the substances are given.

His philosophical views have engaged the attention of Western thinkers over several centuries, and his books have been among the most important sources in philosophy.

The Canon of Medicine | work by Avicenna |

He contrasts Galen’s view that the brain is the “chief seat of sentient life” with Aristotle’s view that the heart is the source of all the body’s faculties, saying that if physicians considered the matter carefully they would agree with Aristotle that the heart was the ultimate source of all the faculties, even if for example the brain is where the rational faculty manifests itself.

Book 1 is made up of six theses which give a general description of medicine in general, the cosmic elements that make up the cosmos and the human body, the mutual interaction of elements temperamentsfluids of the body humourshuman anatomy, and physiology.


The temperaments are reported to be the interaction between the four different element’s qualities, such as the conflict between dryness, wetness, cold, and hot.

Avicenna in Renaissance Italy: Springfield, Illinois; Charles C Thomas, ; p 52a.

The Canon then describes when temperaments are unequal, in other words, illness. International Journal of Cardiology.

The fourth book is on those diseases not restricted to a single part of the body, such as fevers. He favoured proven remedies which had been tested through experience, cautioning that compounds could have unexpected or much stronger effects than might be expected from the effects of the individual components. It is important to note however, Mustafa b. Sometimes during their application against a, their function for producing warmth is weakened.

The first part gives general rules about drugs and a treatise on what was called “the science of powers of medicines”. Bitter taste Excessive thirst Burning cardiac orifice.

Spirit and Life – Aga Khan Museum”. Behnaz Atighi Moghaddam, Islamic Art specialist in London, offers an expert guide to a field in which prices range from a few thousand pounds to several million. Roger Bacon and the beginnings of experimental science in Britain. He speaks about humanity, society, knowledge and ethics. The drawing of Ibn Sina on a Libyan stamp. If we try it on a hot disease, such as diurnal fever, it would also have a beneficial effect because it gets rid of yellow bile.

Archived from the original on 20 June