October 1, 2020

Ammonius, while giving a critique of previous discussions. A significant feature of the situation of Ammonius Saccas, Leiden, ). But this gives rise to some. Ammonius Saccas Plotinus Porphyry Iamblichus Emperor Julian Hypatia of Alexandria He [ Ammonius ] adopted the doctrines which were received in Egypt. Ammonius Saccas (Greek: Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who is often referred to as one of.

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Origen was a Christian but Plotinus was not. Porphyry seems to suggest sacas Ammonius was instrumental in helping Plotinus think about philosophy in new ways:. Also, in my view, it is very unlikely that the founder of Neoplatonic philosophy should have been at the same time a Christian.

Ammonius Saccas is reputed to be the first philosopher to employ the word theosophiameaning “divine wisdom. These things are said by Porphyry in the third book of his work against the Christians.

Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia

In his twenty-eighth year he [Plotinus] felt the impulse to study philosophy and was recommended to the teachers in Alexandria who then had the highest reputation; but he came away from their lectures so depressed and full of sadness that he told his trouble to one of his friends.

The Neoplatonist school of philosophy and Christianity, were diametrically opposed and constantly at war with one another, during the third, fourth and fifth centuries. Nemesisa Christian bishop and Neoplatonist of the late fourth century A. After long study and meditation, Ammonius opened a school of philosophy in Alexandria.

Carneades Clitomachus Charmadas Philo of Larissa. As an example of this absurdity take a man whom I met when I was young, and who was then greatly celebrated and still is, on account of the writings which he has left. Ammonius was a charismatic teacher. Views Read Edit View history.

For this man, having been a hearer of Ammonius, who had attained the greatest proficiency in philosophy of any in our day, derived much benefit from his teacher in the knowledge of the sciences; but as to the correct choice of life, he pursued a course opposite to his. The details of his life are unknown, insomuch that he has frequently been confused with a Christian philosopher of the same name.


He was the first who had a godly zeal for the truth in philosophy and despised the views of the majority, which were a disgrace to philosophy.

We do know that two of his pupils were extremely important and brilliant philosophers: Rosier, De commentitiis philosophiae Ammoniaceae fraudibus et noxis Tubingen, ; L.

One way to explain much of the confusion concerning Ammonius is to assume that there were two people called Ammonius: The unequivocal disagreement between Porphyry and Eusebius on these two important issues provides support for believing that there may have been two different men: This conversion is contested by the Christian writers Jerome and Eusebiuswho state that Ammonius remained a Christian throughout his lifetime:.

Most details of his life come from the fragments left from Porphyry ‘s writings. Becoming acquainted through them with the figurative interpretation of the Grecian mysteries, he applied it to the Jewish Scriptures. Porphyry and Plotinus both indicate that Ammonius left no written works.

Ammonius Saccas

sadcas The fact that Ammonius Saccas was initially a poorly educated and humble laborer on the docks of Alexandria, reminds me of the well-known American social philosopher, Eric Hoffer I have also argued that Ammonius is likely to have considered the two philosophers in accord also on how God accounts for the existence of the world and how the intelligible and the sensible realm relate to each other.

F ragments left from Porphyry ‘s book entitled, Against the Christiansgive details about the life and teachings of Ammonius.

In my view, the relationship of Plotinus to Ammonius is strongly reminiscent of the relationship of Plato to Socrates! Focusing on the underlying thought behind the texts, Ammonius left aside doctrines forged by later philosophers, points of detail, and also certain flaws of the philosophers themselves, and reached an understanding of Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy as a whole, concluding that their basic doctrines are essentially the same.


Conversely, Eusebius asserts that Ammonius was celebrated for the writings that he left. Plotinus went, heard a lecture, and exclaimed to his comrade: The International Society for Neoplatonic Studies pp.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Hierocles, writing in the 5th century A. His works yet extant show this, as he is celebrated among many for the writings which he has left. His death is variously given between A. And Ammonius held ammoonius divine philosophy unshaken and unadulterated to the end of his life. For he was continually studying Plato, and he busied himself with the writings of Numenius and CroniusApollophanesLonginusModeratusand Nicomachusand those famous among the Pythagoreans.

Little is known about Ammonius’s role in the development of Neoplatonism. However, we sadcas told by Longinus that Sacas wrote nothing, [5] and if Ammonius was the principal influence on Plotinus, then it is unlikely that Ammonius would have been a Christian.

Eusebius Church History, vi. Influenced OrigenPlotinus. He was then thirty-eight, for he had passed eleven entire years under Ammonius.

Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia

Both men were philosophers of the highest level; however; Hoffer wrote mostly about social issues while Ammonius mostly taught metaphysics.

From that day he followed Ammonius continuously, and under his guidance made such progress in philosophy that he became eager to investigate the Persian methods and the system adopted among the Indians.

A friend to whom he opened his heart divined his temperamental craving and suggested Ammonius, whom he had not yet tried.

Whittaker, The Neo-platonists Camb. And since there were two Origens who were accepted as contemporaries it was easy for later Christians to accept that there were two individuals named Ammonius, one a Christian and one a Pagan.