Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚皮菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.
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Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla (BEAVV)[Overview]| EPPO Global Database
The leaves and stems of young plants are steamed briefly and eaten as a vegetable; older leaves and stems are stir-fried and have a flavour resembling taro leaves. In far, the glomerules of flowers form connate hard clusters. Beta vulgaris Beta vulgaris subsp. Chenopodiaceae pro parte majore. He also ordered that 28, hectares 69, acres be devoted to growing the new sugar beet.
The species description of Beta vulgaris was made in by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarumat the same time creating the car Beta.
The taxonomy of the various cultivated races has a long and complicated history, they were treated at the rank of either subspeciesor convarieties or varieties.
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
Cultivars of chard include green forms, such as ‘Lucullus’ and ‘Fordhook Giant’, as well as red-ribbed forms such as ‘Ruby Chard’ and ‘Rhubarb Chard’. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. Retrieved from ” https: Koch Flavescens GroupB. Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta ” PDF. The origin of the vhlgaris “Swiss” is unclear, since the Mediterranean plant is not native to Switzerland.
Beets are one of the most boron -intensive of modern crops, a dependency possibly introduced as an evolutionary vilgaris its pre-industrial ancestor ‘s constant exposure to sea spray ; on commercial farms, a 60 tonne per hectare Cultivated beets are grown worldwide in regions without severe frosts. Retrieved 21 May Archived from the original e-book on The usually deep-red roots of garden beet can be baked, boiled, or steamed, and often served hot as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad vegetable.
Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. The Silesian sugar beet was soon introduced to France where Napoleon opened schools specifically for studying the plant. Chard or Swiss chard Beta vulgaris subsp.
Chard is used in traditional Swiss cuisine, however, namely in a dish called Capuns from the Canton of Grisons. An International Journal of Medicine.
Retrieved 19 January The stems grow erect or, in the wild forms, often procumbent; they are bdta or branched in the upper part,  and their surface is ribbed vulgairs striate. Domestication of plants in the old world: There are two rankless cultivar groups for chard: A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilised beets or into pickles.
The upper leaves are smaller, their blades are rhombic to narrowly lanceolate. The sea beetthe ancestor of modern cultivated beets, prospered along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Betaine and betalaintwo phytochemical compounds prevalent in Beta vulgarisare under basic research for their potential biological properties.
In the Northern Hemisphere, chard is typically ready to harvest as early as April and lasts through May. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
This is why red beetroots leave a purple stain. Beets are cultivated for fodder e.
Three subspecies are typically recognised. Leaf vegetables Amaranthaceae Edible plants.
This is called beeturia. Archived from the original on Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chard. Moritz Baron von Koppy and his son further selected from this race for white, conical tubers. Views Read Edit View history. Beta vulgaris is classified into three subspecies: Archived from the original PDF on Young leaves of the garden beet are sometimes used similarly. Cultivars with large, brightly coloured leaves are grown for decorative purposes.
Chard – Wikipedia
Some of the numerous synonyms are Beta vulgaris subsp. Apicius in De re coquinaria gives five recipes for soups to be given as a laxativethree of which feature the root of beet. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. This page was last edited on 8 Novemberat There are 18 chromosomes found in 2 sets, which makes beets diploid.