Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.
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Stalk borer in maize and sorghum-Zambia. The maize stalk borer Calamistis fusca Hmpsn p. In Cameroon, Telenomus buxseola. Host plant preference bussella the stem borer Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: Prospects for cultural control of the stalk borers, Chilo partellus Swinhoe and Busseola fusca Fullerin summer grain crops in South Africa.
Bulletin of Entomological Research, We hypothesize that, apart from ballooning off, neonate larvae migrate between plants by crawling actively. For a better understanding of B. Host-Plant Resistance Screening maize and sorghum genotypes for resistance to B.
Most males emerge before onset of the scotophase, while most females do so one hour later [ 30busseo,a ]. Pyralidae in sorghum and maize. Stem borers in grain sorghum: Van den Berg J.
Busseola fusca (Fuller)
Among the busweola important factors determining larval choice of host plant might be differences in silicon Si content. Abundance, dispersion and parasitism of the noctuid stem borer Busseola fusca Fuller in mono- and intercropped maize in the humid forest zone of southern Cameroon.
Pyralidae on maize in South Africa. Maize plants are less able to tolerate stem borer attack than sorghum and pearl millet plants and the effect on grain yields is therefore greater. Chemical ecology and phylogenetic approaches in three African Lepidoptera species of genus Busseola Noctuidae.
Generally, in areas where only one rainy season occurs, distinct flight patterns are observed. Larvae also tunnel into maize cobs and into the peduncles of sorghum and millet inflorescences and may seriously affect grain production.
Busseola fusca – Wikipedia
September 21, Citation: Developments in maize stem-borer control in East Africa, including the use of insecticide granules. August 31, ; Accepted date: A similar study in the humid forest zone in Cameroon investigated the effects of intercropping on infestation levels and parasitism of B.
Infestation patterns also vary between localities and are associated with the rainfall and temperature gradient existing from east to west in the greater production area in South Africa. Ballooning on silk threads is known to be an important behaviour of the first instar larvae in Lepidoptera, making it possible for them to be transported by wind from one plant to another [ 7 fueca 9 ].
Older larvae tunnel extensively in stems, eating out long frass-filled galleries which may weaken stems and cause breakages. This discrepancy is probably due to previous misidentifications, as several species of Busseolanotably B. Braconidaea parasitoid of cereal stemborers, and its host range expansion in Ethiopia.
Abundance, dispersion and parasitism of the stem borer Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: As a consequence, maize yield losses due to stem borer damage were 1. High levels of Si in plant epidermal cells provide a physical barrier by increasing leaf abrasion, which subsequently increases wearing off of B. All these reports and observations suggest that plant physical cues, such as surface texture e.
Crambidae under field conditions. Burning or burying by deep ploughing are effective but in areas where stems of cereals are used as building and bysseola materials it may be better busseoal devise means of destroying diapausing larvae without destroying the stems. Variability in fuzca reproductive biology and in resistance against Cotesia sesamiae among two Busseola fusca populations.
Support Center Support Center. Noctuidae is an important pest of maize and sorghum in East and Southern Africa [ 1 ]. fusac
Busseola fusca (African maize stalk borer)
Adoption practices of small-scale farmers in South Africa and implications for resource-poor farmers on the continent. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 53 1: Fsca stemborer population in early maize monocrop plant residues was almost double that of intercropped maize plots.
A recent study carried out on the genetic structure and origin of B. Thereby, the female typically sweeps her ovipositor on the plant surface as fussca evaluating the suitability of the plant, simultaneously touching it with the tips of her antennae, and then, if the plant is accepted, oviposition takes place.
Cereal Stem Borers in Africa: Eleusine coracana finger millet. Molecular diversity in the Guineo-Congolian rain forest zone was lower than that in Afromontane vegetation, which bsseola that the former was most likely the starting point for the colonization of other zones in Cameroon [ 58 ].
The stem borer Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: The efficacy of plant-derived bbusseola is largely demonstrated not only in grain storage insects see [ ] for review but also to control various insect species by the widely used extracts from the Indian neem tree, Azadirachta indica A.
Emergence hole in the stem, made by caterpillar of stalk borer. Noctuidae and Chilo partellus Lepidoptera: