October 1, 2020

The Elephantine Papyri. Robert Hutto. Through the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth, a collection of papyri was found at and around a. The Elephantine papyri are written in Aramaic, the lingua franca of the Persian period from Asia Minor to Arabia and Upper. Egypt. In vocabulary, phraseology. One of the oldest collections of Jewish manuscripts, dating from the fifth century BCE, the Elephantine papyri were written by the Jewish community at.

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Image of document in gallery below. To] my brethren Yedoniah and the Jewish garrison, your brother Hanani[ah].

Elephantine papyri – Wikipedia

Views Read Edit View history. The triumph of Elohim: In this case, Ananiah and Tamut already had a young son when the document was drawn up. Jewish Life in Ancient Egypt: In contrast to Jewish documents like this one, contemporaneous Egyptian marriage documents were negotiated between a husband and wife. The legal descriptions of the house preserve the names of Ananiah’s neighbors.

Elephantine papyri

Both Sanballat and Johanan are mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah2: The first modern indications as to the existence of this community were revealed in papyri bought by Giovanni Belzoni. The Elephantine Papyri is the collective name commonly given to several archives of documents belonging to members of a Jewish garrison community which inhabited the island of Elephantine ancient Yebnear Aswan in Egypt, between and BCE.

The “Petition to Bagoas” Sayce-Cowley collection is a letter written in BCE to Bagoasthe Persian governor of Judea, appealing for assistance in rebuilding the Jewish temple in Elephantine, which had recently been badly damaged by an antisemitic rampage on the part of a segment of the Elephantine community. Nearly twenty-two years after her marriage to Ananiah, Tamut’s master released her and her daughter, Yehoishema, from slavery.


This page was last edited on 1 Decemberat Possibly because the clients were dissatisfied with something the scribe had written, at one point the text of the document breaks off and then starts over again, repeating what has gone on before with some additions.

Yahwehand his wife, Tamut, who was previously an Egyptian slave owned by a Jewish master, Meshullam. By the middle of the 4th century BCE, the temple at Elephantine had ceased to function.

Elephantine Papyri – Ancient Near East

Be ritually clean and take heed. A Family Archive from the Nile Valley. Although Tamut elephzntine owned the apartment, Ananiah required that at her death it pass to their children, Palti and Yehoishema. The discovery of the Brooklyn papyri is a remarkable story itself. A multicultural couple marries, buys a house, raises kids.

The eight papyri contained at the Brooklyn Museum concern one particular Jewish family, providing specific information about the daily lives of a man called Ananiah, a Jewish temple official; his wife, Tamut, an Egyptian slave; and their children, over the course of forty-seven years.

For his daughter Yehoishema’s dowry, Ananiah had transferred to her partial ownership of the house he shared with Tamut. Image of document is in gallery below. The papyri suggest that, “Even in exile and beyond, the veneration of a female deity endured.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. And though a slave could marry a free person, their children usually belonged to the master. Image of document in gallery. Emergent Monotheism in Israel.

The renovation elephantie the house and its gradual transfers to family members are the central concerns of the next several documents in Ananiah’s family archive. So do you count fou[rteen days of the month of Nisan and] obs[erve the passover ], and from the 15th to the 21st day of [Nisan observe the festival of unleavened dlephantine. There is evidence from excavations that the rebuilding and enlargement of the Khnum temple under Nectanebo II — took the place of the former temple of YHWH.


This receipt palyri have been held by Pakhnum and returned to Ananiah son of Haggai when he repaid the loan. As an institution, slavery in Egypt at that time differed in notable ways from the practice in some other cultures: Retrieved from ” https: The welfare of my brothers may God [seek at all times]. They included an Egyptian who held the post of gardener of the Egyptian god Khnum and, on the other side, two Persian boatmen.

Princeton University Press,pp. The receipt demonstrates that friendly business relations continued between Egyptians and Jews in Elephantine after the expulsion of the Persians by pharaoh Amyrtaios of the 28th Dynasty. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elephantine papyri. Retrieved 3 December Webarchive template wayback flephantine Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL Commons category link from Wikidata.

No interest is charged but there is a penalty for failing to repay the loan by the agreed date. In addition, special provision was made to free the couple’s son, also papyrj slave to Meshullam; perhaps Ananiah consented to the small dowry of either 7 or 15 shekels the text is ambiguous in order to obtain his son’s freedom. papyei

For seven days it shall not be seen among you. An assortment of other texts including ostraka were therafter acquired by Greville Chester in the s, and by Charles Rlephantine Wilbour, W.