November 20, 2020

A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Tangier disease. Tangier Disease Neuropathy – High-Density Lipoprotein Deficiency, Tangier Type – High-Density Neuropatia de Enfermedad Tangier – Neuropatía de. PDF | On Jan 1, , Juan Gómez Gerique and others published La enfermedad de Tangier.

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People affected by this condition also have slightly elevated amounts of fat in the blood mild hypertriglyceridemia and disturbances in nerve function neuropathy.

Neuropathy and cardiovascular disease are the most devastating developments caused by Tangier’s disease. Inborn error of lipid metabolism: J Ehfermedad Pathol ; 24 7: Colonic mucosal appearance of Tangier disease in a new patient.

The cholesterol and phospholipids used to form HDL originate from inside cells but dd transported out of the cell into the blood via the ABCA1 transporter. Louis Avioli at the National Cancer Institute. Abetalipoproteinemia Apolipoprotein B deficiency Chylomicron retention disease.

Enfermedad de Tangier

TD was first identified in a five-year-old inhabitant of the island who had characteristic orange tonsils, very low levels of high density lipoprotein HDL or ‘good cholesterol’, and an enlarged liver and spleen. It is transmitted in a recessive manner.


A gastric endoscopy showed numerous tiny white-yellowish injuries at the antral mucosa Fig. This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat Clinical and biochemical characteristics of a new case of Tangier disease in Spain.

Nat Genet ; The disorder was originally discovered on Tangier Island off the coast of Virginiabut has now been identified in people from many different countries. Our patient, who was diagnosed with Tangier disease based on lipid metabolism testing, had no orange tonsils. Tangier disease is caused by mutations in the gene encoding ATP-binding cassette transporter 1. Andrews’ Diseases of the Skin: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

This is a good illustration of how research into rare diseases can sometimes help more common disorders. The cholesterol esters may also be found in lymph nodes, bone marrow, the liver and spleen.

Pathology of Tangier disease. After finding the same symptom in Teddy’s sister and investigation revealing an extremely high number of foam cells cholesterol ester-laden macrophages in not only the tonsils but a wide range of tissues including the bone marrow and spleen, a second trip to the island was made and the discovery was made of very low HDL cholesterol in both the sister and parents of Teddy, evidence for a genetic basis of the disease.


Genome view see gene locations Entrez Gene collection of gene-related information BLink related sequences in different organisms.

A low-fat diet can reduce some of the symptoms, especially those involving neuropathies.

Enfermedad de Tangier – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

High-density lipoproteins are created when a protein in the bloodstream, Apolipoprotein A1 apoA1combines with cholesterol and phospholipids. Genes and Disease [Internet].

Tangier disease – Genes and Disease. Izquierdo 1 Services of Digestive Diseases and 1Pathology. Views Read Edit View history. He had no family history, exhibited lipid changes, and was free of coronary disease. Other signs of this condition may include an enlarged spleen splenomegalyan enlarged liver hepatomegalyclouding of the corneaand early-onset cardiovascular tangief.

Tangier disease

Mutations to chromosome 9q31 lead to a defective ABCA1 transporter. One article reported on the endoscopic appearance of the tangidr mucosa 5but we found no literature references regarding the appearance of the gastric mucosa. These mutations prevent the ABCA1 protein from effectively transporting cholesterol and phospholipids out of cells for pickup by ApoA1 in the bloodstream.

Related diseases See other Diseases of the Nervous System.