March 25, 2021

Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about. Bergson. – Duration And Simultaneity [Book Review]. J. Merleau-Ponty Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant.

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In most cases, the assimilation of the system of reference to an aggregate system of this type offers no objec- tion. This series of acts is bdrgson Bergson calls intuition a method.

Duration (philosophy)

The theoreticians of relativity never mention any simultaneity but that of two instants. Mark Paterson – – Philosophy in Review 21 3: It is the idea of an original vital principle.

But, whatever happens, the conception of spatial motion which we find in Descartes, and which harmonizes so well with the spirit of modern science, has been rendered scientifically ac- ceptable by Einstein for accelerated as for uniform motion. I think there can now be no doubt that the “space-time,” which seemed to Bergson on philosophical grounds to be merely an artificial construction, is in fact just that.

The inverted cone image is no exception to Bergson’s belief that all images are inadequate to duration. As we already noted, Bergson’s thought must be seen as an attempt to overcome Kant.

Duration (philosophy) – Wikipedia

We shall return to this concept of virtuality below. And yet certain motions could not be so. So, likewise, I may introspect and sympathize with my own duration; my duration may be the only one. In short, try first to connect together the discontinuous objects of daily experience; then, resolve the motionless continuity of these qualities into anr, which are moving in place; finally, attach yourself to these movements, by freeing yourself from the divisible space that underlies them in order to consider only their mobility — this undivided act that your consciousness grasps in the movement simulatneity you yourself execute.

Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity – PhilPapers

Yet, we can speak of a recent revitalization of Bergsonism. Bergson died on January 3, at the age of Let us pause at duratiion point. This is entirely equivalent to the example that Einstein himself took at the beginning of his original paper on the subject 10 to show what he meant by his postulate of relativity, namely, that in all cases of relative motion the phenomena observed are the same whichever body is moved, although the 10 “Electrodynamik bewegter Korper,” Simultaneiyy der Physik, XVII It is the text that Sartre claimed attracted him to philosophy.


But we would become aware of it if we were in a fixed observatory, the ether. I shall in that case assume that those two well-known ob- servers, Peter and Paul, are able to sjmultaneity with each other.

It is easy to say now that dueation magnitude of the effect was immaterial and that it should have been realized that logically an infinitesimal difference in rate of aging was just as fatal to the relativity postulate as a very large one. It can only be grasped through a simple intuition of the imagination. His answer consists in showing that it is not a matter of order versus disorder, but rather of one order in relation to another.

We must nevertheless recall what we once said about the idea of body and also of absolute motion; that double series of reflec- tions permitted us to infer the radical relativity of motion as displacement in space. But, for the observer motionless on the bank, the boat contracted when it passed from rest to motion, time expanded on it, its clocks no longer agreed. Henri Bergson in 20th Century Philosophy categorize this paper.

This placement of oneself up above the turn is not easy; above all else, Bergson appreciates effort. In the eyes of the observer who shares the earth’s motion, the distance of this double journey is therefore But all things would not seem to us to be unwinding along with the thread, each actual moment of the universe would not be for us the tip of the thread, if we did not have the con- cept of simultaneity at our disposal.

Such is the theory that remained classic until Einstein. Lorentz’ the- ory was what he called “half-relativity” or “unilateral rela- tivity”: That is not so today. How those co-ordi- nates are in fact related to our measurements of space and time remains to be discovered, but we can say with certainty that they cannot be identified with those measurements. Before Heidegger’s Dismissal of Bergson. Moreover, if he has any doubt, he proceeds anew to his synchronizing; he simply finds the confirmation of what he had observed in the motion- less state.

If Deleuze’s interpretation is correct, the confrontation that Duration and Simultaneity develops is not one between Bergson and Einstein but a confrontation between Bergson’s interpretation of multiplicities and Riemann’s interpretation of multiplicity, Riemann’s interpretation being, according to Deleuze, the basis of Einstein’s theory Deleuze,pp.


We may perhaps feel averse to the use of the word “con- sciousness” if an anthropomorphic sense is attached to it- But to imagine a thing that endures, there is no need to take one’s own memory and transport it, even attenuated, into the interior of the thing. For Bergson, however, mystical experience is not simply a disequilibrium.

We lose the characteristic of continuity or unity since the spectrum has colors juxtaposed. First, at least in France, a new generation of philosophers was arising, in particular, Sartre and Merleau-Ponty.

If we consider two pomts A and B and Z polional change of “one of them,” all that the eye per- ceives and science can note is the change in the distance be- “een them. Thus, between two electric charges, both at rest in the ether, only an electrostatic force would appear; but if, though still relatively at rest, they were moving in the ether, they would constitute two electric currents between which an additional force would operate.

In the duration, there is no juxtaposition of events; therefore there is no mechanistic causality. We once advanced a the- ory of that kind with regard to living species.

North Holland Publishing Co. I call two flows “contemporaneous” when they are equally one or two for my consciousness, the latter perceiving them together as a single flowing if it sees fit to engage in an undivided act of attention, and, on the other hand, separating them through- out if it prefers to divide its attention between them, even doing both at one and the some time if it decides to divide its attention and yet not cut it in two.

Duration and Simultaneity

We can see here that Bergson has also finally explained how the leap of an intuition happens. We do not know what final fate physics reserves for it. To get at this, we went over Lorentz’ for- mulae term by term, seeking the concrete reality, the perceived or perceptible thing, to which each term corresponded.

But, there is no instantaneous communication; and, since every transmission takes time, we have had to select one that is carried out under unchanging conditions.