September 29, 2020

Princess Juliana Anicia (), daughter of the Anicius Olybrius, Emperor of the is available in facsimile and is now referred to as the Juliana Anicia Codex . PDF | The Greek pharmacopeia of Pedanius Dioscorides (20–70 CE), entitled Peri Ylis Ialikis (latinized as De Materia Medica, On Medical. Ancient Greek Illustrated Dioscoridean Herbals: Origins and Impact of the Juliana Anicia Codex and the Codex Neopolitanus. Article (PDF.

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He had access to the library at Alexandria, and may have studied at Tarsus. Introductory notes by R. It is probable that these illustrations are based on the illustrations from an older, different treatise, possibly that of Alexander of Myndus.

Until Justinian’s extension of the Hagia Sophiait was the largest church in the imperial capital, and its construction was probably seen as a challenge to the reigning dynasty. The frontispiece features her depiction, the first donor portrait in the history of manuscript illuminationflanked by the personifications of Magnanimity and Prudencewith an allegory of the “Gratitude of the Arts” prostrate in front of her. Retrieved from ” https: He was a contemporary of the Roman, Pliny, whose monumental work on natural history the history of the world mentions about different plants.

A personification of “Gratitude of the Arts” kneels at the princess’s feet as a putto presents a manuscript to her. Five supplemental texts also were appended, including paraphrases of the Theriaca and Alexipharmaca of Nicander and the Ornithiaca of Dionysius of Philadelphia first century ADwhich describes more than forty Mediterranean birds, including one sea bird shown with its wings both folded and open” http: The JAC contains paintings of plants including many horticultural crops, many of which can still be recognized in modern day examples.

In front of Dioscurides is an artist, seated at a lower level, painting an illustration of the mandrake root. Readers should in the first instance obtain medical advice from qualified, registered health professionals. From the time of its creation “Nearly nine centuries were to pass before we have further knowledge of the whereabouts of the codex. Staphylinum has leaves like gingidium, only broader and somewhat bitter.


This image is part of the oldest extant copy of “De Materia Medica,” an herbal that was commissioned as a token of thanks to the Byzantine princess Anicia Juliana for funding a church consecration. Click to view high resolution image. Recognising the usefulness of his medical botany and phytography, his readers probably overestimated their worth. Pliny is less systematic and more credulous than Dioscorides.

He compiled an extensive listing of medicinal herbs and their virtues in about 70 A. Anicia and her attendants are enclosed within an eight-point star within a circle all formed of intertwined rope.

There are also other illustrations that are more abstract. It is good for hypochondria [nervous gastric disorder] and disorders of the chest and womb; it expels the menstrual flow, and induces belching and urine. The background is solid gold, which places the figures in an abstract space.

The seven figures are contained within an elaborate decorated frame. Dioscorides also recommended the use of Wormwood in clothes drawers to repel moths and mice. Whether Juliana entertained political ambitions of her own is uncertain, but it is known that her husband declined to take up the crown during the riots.

Dioscorides compiled his medical treatise at the suggestion of a fellow-physician, Areius. The manuscript was presented to Anicia out of gratitude for her funding the construction of a church in the suburbs of Constantinople.

Eudocia the empress, eager to honor God, first built here a temple of Polyektos the servant of God. The early Middle Ages is a murky period in history for the study of vegetables, but a copy of the Codex of Dioskorides dating from to ad is illuminated with pictures of plants.

This popular version of Goodyer’s Dioscorides makes no such attempt either. He discussed about plants or plant products familiar at that time, including almost forty plants still used in medicine today, and mentioned plants from all regions of the known world, including India, Egypt and Cyrenaica, possibly discovered during the military campaigns of Alexander the Great.

Email the author Login required. After the Muslim conquest of the city in the codex fell into the hands of the Turks, and Turkish and Arabic names were then added to the Greek. The mandrake root he is looking at is held by the personification of Epinoia the power of thought. The background of these portraits is golden, another first for this codex – being the earliest known manuscript to use a solid gold background.


The manuscript is accordingly now called the Juliana Anicia Codex by scholars. Although she resolutely opposed the Monophysite leanings of Emperor Anastasiusshe permitted her son Olybrius to marry the Emperor’s niece. The third kind has leaves similar to coriander, with white flowers, but a head and seed similar to dill [].

Farthest from Galen are Andreas and Rufus. And taken with honey, Galbanum was a sure remedy for indigestion and flatulence. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A decoction taken as a drink with wine helps those bitten by harvest spiders.

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Rubbed on the eyes as an ointment, it julixna eyesight. I have not attempted to make the text uniform, and though I have included some sixteenth-century and Linnaean names, many do not indicate current usage. Daucus which is also called dircaeum from Crete has leaves similar to marathrum [] yet smaller and more slender, a stalk twenty centimetres long, jhliana a tuft similar to coriander.

The leaves, pounded into small pieces with honey and applied, clean ulcers that spread.

File:Carrot, Juliana Anicia Codex.jpg

A learned physician, he practiced medicine as an army doctor, and saw service with the Roman legions in Greece, Italy, Asia Minor, and Provence in modern-day France. Within the outer spandrels of the star are puttidone in grisailleworking as masons and carpenters.

Cultivated and wild carrots from the Juliana Anicia Codex of Following the two miniatures of seven pharmacologists, there are two author portraits.

In the second picture folio 3 verso, see herethe most julixna and only one sitting on a chair is Galen. As he relates at the end of his Turkish Letters IV, p.