Kerala Mahatmyam, a great treatise on the History of Kerala, which is in Sanskrit containing more than stanzas and hundred chapter states that Vishnu. The Keralolpathi is a Malayalam work that deals with the origin of the land of Kerala. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu. “Keralotpathi and Kerala-mahatmyam” says C.A. Innes, “are late compilations of unknown origin and so full of inconsistencies, anachronisms and absurdities.
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He is then said to have awarded this new region conveniently to Brahmins, after which he summoned equally conveniently deva divinegandharva celestial minstreland rakshasa demon women for the pleasure of these men. There are, however, two views on this that have been passed down within the region.
Boys were sent off to train in military gymnasiums from the age of eight, and their sole occupation thereafter was to master the art of warfare. Widowhood was no catastrophic disaster and they were effectively at par with men when it came to sexual rights, with complete autonomy over their bodies.
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The marriage system itself was something that never ceased to fascinate visitors to Kerala. Matriliny was, as per this theory, consequent upon the men purely being instruments of war rather than householders. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Hindu texts Asian chronicles. But as the scholar K. Retrieved from ” https: This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat The Ivory Throne is his first book. Sexual ekrala was also remarkable so that while polygamy was happily recognised in other parts of India, in Kerala women were allowed polyandry. The other theory relates to the ancient martial tradition of the Nairs.
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Nair women could, if they wished, entertain more than one husband and, in the event of difficulties, were free to kerqla without any social stigma. While the “Kerala Mahatmayam” deals with the origin of Kerala and its people alone, the Keralolpathi gives a history of Kerala down to the modern age, including reference to the British in Kerala.
Views Read Edit View history. Wikisource has original text related to this article: As Kerala was ushered into the modern era, closer to democracy and republicanism, the women of Travancore came to occupy a central role in its fortunes. Sign in with Google. Historians doubt the reliability of this collection of legends as it contains many discrepancies.
The Keralolpathi covers the ancestry of the Namboodiri Brahmins and other castes of Kerala and is sometimes called the “Kerala Ulpathy”.
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The Nairs, the principal matrilineal caste, were the descendants of these nymphs and their Brahmin overlords, tracing their lineages in the maternal line. One is mythological and based on a Malayalam treatise called Keralolpathi, as well as and a Sanskrit mahztmyam called the Kerala Mahatmyam.
While the military tradition of the Nairs, famous for its suicide bands called chavers, was well known, this theory is also more circumstantial than absolute. Shungunny Menon, stated that:. So the onus of family and succession was taken care of by women, who formed large establishments and managed their affairs independently in the absence of men.
Sreedhara Menon, page For them death by any other means than at the end of a sword on the battlefield was a mortifying ignominy and in their constant zeal for military excellence and glorious bloodshed, they had no time to husband women or economic resources. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship keraoa this work to Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachana 17th-century scholar of the Malabar region of India.
William Loganwho was the author of the Malabar Manual also refutes the validity of the Keralolpathi and describes it as:. However the corresponding date mentioned is such that the prophet was not even born till more than a century mahatmywm.
Yet a ruthless ancestor and generations of shrewd management ensured its endurance, as well as its political and cultural currency. Therefore, according to Shungunny Menon a native historian of TravancoreKerala one cannot place, in the Keralolpathi, the value of a historical source. Travancore, a dominion loyal to the British Raj, was relatively newer than the ancient houses that once warred over this slice of south-western India, set between the Arabian Sea and the tail-end of the Western Ghats.
Among Nambutiri Brahmins only the eldest son was permitted to take a Brahmin wife and all other men had to seek sambandhams from the high-caste matrilineal communities. These refer to the creation of Kerala by the legendary hero Parasurama, who is supposed to have hurled his battle-axe from Gokarna to Cape Comorin and claimed from the sea all the land in between.